Two functionally distinct kinetochore pools of BubR1 ensure accurate chromosome segregation

Gang Zhang, Blanca Lopez Mendez, Garry G. Sedgwick & Jakob Nilsson

Nature Communications
2016 vol: 7 issue: 12256 doi: 10.1038/ncomms12256

Abstract

The BubR1/Bub3 complex is an important regulator of chromosome segregation as it facilitates proper kinetochore-microtubule interactions and is also an essential component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Whether BubR1/Bub3 localization to kinetochores in human cells stimulates SAC signalling or only contributes to kinetochore-microtubule interactions is debated. Here we show that two distinct pools of BubR1/Bub3 exist at kinetochores and we uncouple these with defined BubR1/Bub3 mutants to address their function. The major kinetochore pool of BubR1/Bub3 is dependent on direct Bub1/Bub3 binding and is required for chromosome alignment but not for the SAC. A distinct pool of BubR1/Bub3 localizes by directly binding to phosphorylated MELT repeats on the outer kinetochore protein KNL1. When we prevent the direct binding of BubR1/Bub3 to KNL1 the checkpoint is weakened because BubR1/Bub3 is not incorporated into checkpoint complexes efficiently. In conclusion, kinetochore localization supports both known functions of BubR1/Bub3.

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Topics: Cell signalling, Chromosome segregation, Kinetochores, Monolith – MicroScale Thermophoresis, MST, Proteins, Publications